My study sets out to examine the potential link and affinities between two ancient Graeco-Roman resilient cities, Olynthus and Potidaea. It focuses on the impact of natural catastrophes and violence on the societies of these cities. Both cities suffered great losses or disappeared as a result of destruction, but also gained the advantage of revival. My purpose is to investigate the capacity of Olynthus and Potidaea in exhibiting successful and diverse patterns of resilience, while enduring siege, war, hunger, and seaquake. Towards this goal, I examine the interactive relation of the two resilient cities in question, aiming to introduce an integrated, multi-disciplinary approach to the crucial factors that largely defined Potidaea and Olynthus geographically, politically, and historically as two cities embracing a sustainable and resilient environment.

Maria G. Xanthou is a Senior Research Associate at the University of Bristol, teaches history of Greek civilization and culture at the Hellenic Open University, and is a Research Associate in Pindaric Studies at Harvard CHS. She taught Greek language and literature at the University of Leeds, Ancient History at the University of Bristol, and Greek and Latin languages, Literature, Ancient History, and Digital Classics at Aristotle University of Thessaloniki. She was an Adjunct Lecturer at the Open University of Cyprus and worked as a Research Associate of the Centre for Greek Language, Thessaloniki. Her interests lie within the intersection of ancient history, material culture, and classical philology, and include epichoric identities in the coastline of Northern Greece, resilience in ancient communities and urban clusters, history of emotions, Greek lyric poetry, both monodic and choral (Stesichorus, Pindar, and Bacchylides), Aristophanic and Attic comedy (5th c. BCE), Attic rhetoric (Isocrates), history of classical scholarship (German classical scholarship of the 19th c.), textual criticism, literary theory, ancient theory of rhetoric (definition and use of asyndeton), and e-learning.

Respondent: Marc Domingo Gygax, Classics

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