This paper explores the transformation of Greek and Turkish nationalism with reference to the role of religion. It is argued that the shift of both mainstream Greek and Turkish nationalism from a secular to an increasingly religious paradigm can be explained in terms of the exigencies of nation-building, the need to appeal to grassroots elements of both societies and account for ethnic, linguistic and cultural diversity.  Religion remained the essential communal bond and social marker throughout Ottoman history, and the appeal of secular nationalism to the vast majority of Ottoman Greeks and Turks remained limited. Hence, both nationalist movements had to eventually take a more circumspect view and synthesize their formerly secularist national ideology with religion.

Ioannis N. Grigoriadis is Associate Professor and Jean Monnet Chair of European Studies at the Department of Political Science and Public Administration, Bilkent University. In the academic year 2018-2019, he was Visiting Professor at the Keyman Modern Turkish Studies Program, Buffett Institute for Global Studies, Northwestern University. In the academic year 2016-2017, he was IPC-Stiftung Mercator Senior Research Fellow at the German Institute for International and Security Affairs (Stiftung Wissenschaft und Politik-SWP) in Berlin and Stanley J. Seeger Research Fellow at Princeton University. He has published numerous academic articles and the following books: Ο Σίσυφος στην Ανατολή: 150 Κείμενα και Φωτογραφίες για την Τουρκία (Θεσσαλονίκη: Επίκεντρο, 2018) [Sisyphus in Anatolia: 150 Essays and Photographs on Turkey (Thessaloniki: Epikentro, 2018)], Democratic Transition and the Rise of Populist Majoritarianism: Constitutional Reform in Greece and Turkey (London & New York: Palgrave Springer, 2017), Instilling Religion in Greek and Turkish Nationalism: A “Sacred Synthesis”, (London & New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2012), Trials of Europeanization: Turkish Political Culture and the European Union, (London & New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2009). His research interests include late Ottoman and republican Turkish politics and history with a focus on nationalism and democratization.

Supported by the Christos G. and Rhoda Papaioannou Modern Greek Studies Fund
The Paul Sarbanes '54 Fund for Hellenism and Public Service