Religious affiliations have been often treated as uniform and immutable categories transcending geographical, political and cultural boundaries. Yet, recent scholarship suggests that early modern religious affiliations could indeed take on diversified local forms and contents, which at times were seen as mutually incompatible. This workshop wishes to build on this approach by asking anew what it meant to be “Greek” in the early modern Eastern Mediterranean. It aims, in specific, to put Greeks in context: to unearth local versions of Christianity and address the impact that interaction or confrontation with people of different denomination or faith, so common in the Eastern Mediterranean, had on the fashioning of local versions of religion and religious practice. The workshop also wishes to ask how and to what extent the long process of confessionalization marked the waning of religious localisms and the gradual formation of a more homogeneous Orthodox religious culture.