Visiting Fellow, Spring 2019
Anthoula (Anthee) Malkopoulou is a Docent and Researcher in Political Science at the Department of Government, Uppsala University, funded by the Swedish Research Council and the Wallenberg Foundation (2019-23). She is also course teacher at the Hellenic Open University. Her previous positions in Uppsala were Research Fellow at the Program ‘Engaging Vulnerability’, Senior Lecturer in Politics (pro term) and Marie Curie Intra-European Fellow. She has also held an Erik Allardt Fellowship at the Swedish Collegium of Advanced Study and a postdoctoral position at the University of Jyväskylä, from where she received her PhD in 2011. She has an MA in Human Rights (EIUC Venice) and a BA in History and Archaeology (AU Thessaloniki). Her main fields of research are contemporary democratic theory, history of political thought, parliamentary discourse, voting rights, populism and far-right parties. Malkopoulou is the author of The History of Compulsory Voting in Europe (2015), and co-editor of Militant Democracy and its Critics (2019), Equal Representation (2018) and Rhetoric, Politics and Conceptual Change (2011). She has also published numerous articles, among them “Three Models of Democratic Self-defense” (2018) and “Ostracism and Democratic Self-defense in Athens” (2017). She is co-editor of Redescriptions, a Helsinki University Press journal.
The project involved evaluating the Greek state’s responses to the far-right party Golden Dawn. I explored the laws and policies of democratic self-defense since 2010, when Golden Dawn acquired political power. Applying a three-model theory of democratic self-defense (militant, procedural, socio-political), I explained why Greece is not a “militant” democracy and therefore could not ban the party for being antidemocratic. Instead, the Greek state rightly used “procedural” means taking the party to court for organized crime. Because legal approaches have not curbed the political appeal nor the social dynamic of far-right extremism, I argued that “socio-political” remedies are also called for.