Mary Seeger O’Boyle Postdoctoral Research Fellow, 2015-2016
Carlotta Santini received her PhD in Philosophy at the University of Paris IV, Sorbonne. She then worked at the Centre Marc Bloch for Social Sciences in Berlin, at the Ecole Normale Superieure and the Ecole des Hautes Etudes en Sciences Sociales in Paris. Carlotta Santini is a specialist of Friedrich Nietzsche’s thought, but her field of research is extended to 19th century German culture, especially Classical Scholarship and the reception of Classical Antiquity.
The Basis of Oral Culture in Ancient Greece in the Interpretations of Friedrich Nietzsche
The Lectures given by Nietzsche at the University of Basel as Chair of Greek Language and Literature between 1869 and 1879 offer an original interpretation of the Greek world. At the centre of this interpretation we find the recognition of the fundamentally oral nature of ancient culture. Via a detailed analysis of Nietzsche’s works as well as of the philological studies of his time, I will endeavour to define the contours of his reflection on the different structures and mechanisms of knowledge transmission in ancient oral cultures and literary ones. Starting with the individuation of the rhythm-norm-memory triad in Nietzsche’s interpretation as an active civilizing formula, I will seek to understand their value and function within oral and literary traditions. The reconstruction of this reflection will be based on a dual system of reference: firstly, on Nietzsche’s relationship with his time; and secondly, on the confrontation between the form taken by this mode of thought in the nineteenth century and the later theoretical approaches of the twentieth century.