Visiting Fellow, Summer 2019
Violetta Hionidou is Senior Lecturer in Modern European History at Newcastle University, UK. She received her PhD from Liverpool University where she researched the Demographic History of the island of Mykonos in the period 1859 to 1959. Subsequently she researched the famine in Occupied Greece and her prize-winning monograph Famine and Death in Occupied Greece, 1941–1944, published by Cambridge University Press was translated and published in Greek in 2011. Violetta Hionidou’s interdisciplinary research interweaves historical demography, the history of the family, the history of medicine, oral history and the history of famines. She is currently finalising her monograph on Birth control and Abortion in Modern Greece, 1830-1967 before embarking on her new project on ‘Population movements in Occupied Greece: migration, displacement and their effects, 1941- 1946’. Hionidou has published widely in world-leading academic journals such as the Journal of Contemporary History, Population Studies, Journal of Modern Greek Studies, Medical History, and Journal of Refugee Studies.
It is well known that Occupied Greece suffered a famine in the early 1940s; it is less well understood that the whole period of occupation was one of dearth with significant geographical and temporal variations. No attention has yet been paid to the population movements that occurred as a result. This project aims to study internal population movements, identify their patterns and outline their demographic, social and political consequences in order to better understand how Greece emerged from the Occupation. Moreover, it will examine the illegal migration to Turkey, as thousands of civilians spent lengthy periods of the Occupation years in the Middle-East and Africa. The lives of these refugees will be examined including the process of their return and resettlement. Investigating how the resettlement of ‘displaced’ persons, overseen mostly by UNRRA, was accomplished in 1944-6 and whether this was linked to national and local politics and the emerging civil war will be a significant goal.